Press release (April 2, 2020) by Chartered Insititute Supply Chain Management (CISCM) - Ghana
China is critical to the supply chains of many companies and national economies, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa because it is the leading manufacturer with the second-largest economy. National government directives on various quarantine measures have led to economic and supply chain disruptions globally. Companies and governments must ensure risk management in the face of the deadly coronavirus pandemic, which requires more intelligence, integrated supply chain visibility, forecasting and capacity building to meet demand.
Currently, many companies and national governments have limited access to employees, logistics as well as closure of factories and production channels because of the ongoing measures to curb the spread. Due to the aforementioned, demand and response are causing supply chain and management crisis affecting workforce, products and cost.
Government and opinion leaders need to act NOW to avoid bullwhip effect in public and private sector operations. Below are critical areas to focus on:
1. Develop Alternative Supply Sources of Goods, Services and Project Financing
The critical path element of the global supply chain, including non-Chinese sources, is gridlocked leaving few alternatives. Developing and looking for new sources of supply is a great strategy.
2. Create Business Continuity Plans
These plans should pinpoint contingencies in critical areas and include backup plans for transportation, communications, supply, and cash flow and make sure to involve the suppliers and customers in developing these plans. 3. Create a Comprehensive Emergency Operations Center and Reactive Resilience
The emergency operations will require integration of disparate data sources to allow visibility into the daily operations. The acquisition of relevant data will help model and test alternative network strategies and identify the action plan that will best achieve the supply chain objectives.
4. Develop a Collaborative approach
Develop a collaborative approach to deal with transportation suppliers to increase visibility of shipments in the supply chain pipeline.Companies must conduct risk analysis and team up with all supply chain streams to act on supply issues. In effect, a crisis management analysis team must be put in place to deliver the necessary changes in demand forecasts and inventory allocation decisions.
5. Redesign to Source from Local Content
Companies need to have production facilities with local sources of supply in each of its major markets to spread the risk.
6. Align the procurement strategy with supplier relationships
All companies should rely on small groups of critical suppliers and maintain a mutually win-win relationship with each. Companies should better monitor each group to detect potential problems and depend on them for help to deal with unforeseen circumstances. Also, companies need to adjust for higher than normal demand and proactively design robustness into the network to minimize the impact of bullwhip effect.
These strategies are critical for both short-term recovery and longer-term contingency planning. When we work together, we can withstand this storm and come out more reliable than ever.
More information: Chartered Institute of Supply Chain Management (CISCM), Ghana
The Chartered Institute of Supply Chain Management (CISCM), Ghana
Chartered Institute of Supply Chain Management has been as a professional body since 2009 and was formally incorporated under the Companies Code 1963 (Act 179) (as a company limited by guarantee), on 3rd July 2009. Later the Institute was registered under the Professional Bodies Registration Decree, 1973 (NRCD 143) on 11th June 2014 by the Registrar of Professional Bodies (Professional Bodies Certificate Number PB62).
The Institute was founded by a number of people from the Profession, who recognized the need to develop standards in Supply Chain Management practices as well as increase the number of trained and qualified personnel who were required in a rapidly developing country. The formulated structured training programmes and assisted the Institution of learning in designing course for their professional scheme curriculum.
Today, there has been a progressive shift in focus from purchasing to Supply Chain Management, and the Institute has recognized this fact by using its title as ‘’Supply Chain Management’’. This was considered to be a perfect integration of Purchasing, Warehousing, Materials Management, Logistics, Import and Export Management, Project Management, Procurement and Supply as an aspect of Supply Chain Management philosophies, which reflect similar trends occurring in the business environment world-wide, there is a growing awareness of the strategic importance of efficient and effective Supply Chain Management objectives. Therefore, the Institute is constantly aware and adapting to the changes occurring in the field of supply chain management profession, both nationally and internationally.
Copyright: Chartered Institute of Supply Chain Management - Ghana
The Chartered Institute of Supply Chain Management (CISCM) - Ghana is a member association of the IFPSM.